Population growth and age group composition are important indicators of a country’s future economic growth potential. As of 2010, the U.S. had 310 million people and was the third most populous nation in the world, trailing China and India. By 2030, our population is expected to have grown by roughly 2.5 million per year. Over the same period, Europe’s population is expected to grow by ~ 1 million per year, Japan by just 50,000 per year, while China is expected to see a decrease of ~ 400,000 per year.
By 2030, median age figures for the U.S. are expected to be: 19% to be 0-14 years old, 20% to be 65+ years old, and 61% to be 15-64 years old. By 2040, the CSIS GAP Index Report projects ~ 25% of the U.S. population will be aged 60 and older. Compared to other countries, our ranking is good. Population Projected to be Age 60+ in 2040 Japan 43% U.S. 25% Germany 39% Chile 25% S. Korea 39% Mexico 22% Canada 31% Brazil 22% China 28% India 16%